Sep 1974 – Dec 1981

State University Leiden, the Netherlands, MSc Biology (majors in Biology and Society, and Animal Ecology)


State University Leiden, the Netherlands, seminar International aspects of environmental problems


State University Leiden, the Netherlands: Teacher’s degree (Biology)


Open University Heerlen, the Netherlands. Course in environmental sciences

Notable additional training, workshop participation, and seminars


Asian Wetland Bureau / ICBP, Melaka, Malaysia: technical workshop on tropical wetland management


Participation Second Regional Workshop on Review of Protected Areas and Development in the four countries of the Lower Mekong River Region, organized by a/o Mekong River Commission. Workshop to discuss the results of an investigative process of placing the role and function of protected areas


Participation workshop on a proposal to establish Pu Xai Leng protected area, with community based protected area and resource management, in Nghe An province. Presentation of critical comments on proposal, with emphasis on legal, institutional and study requirements and needs in feasibility study phase


Focus seminar Balancing the needs of conservation, poverty reduction, equity and governance; Federal Agency for Nature conservation (BfN), Deutsche Gesellschaft für technische Zusammenarbeit mbH (GTZ), KfW Entwicklungsbank, German Development Service (ded);Vilm, Germany